Italian Card Game Briscola: Complete Guide to Rules and Gameplay

4 Min Read

Welcome to the fascinating world of Briscola, a classic Italian card game cherished by families and friends throughout Italy and beyond. Whether you’re a complete novice or looking to polish your skills, this guide is your ticket to mastering Briscola. Known for its straightforward rules and engaging gameplay, Briscola seamlessly blends strategy with luck, making it a popular pastime. Let’s embark on this journey to understand the ins and outs of Briscola, ensuring you’re well-equipped to enjoy this delightful Italian tradition.

Understanding the Basics of Briscola

The core objective of Briscola is to win as many points as possible through cleverly capturing valuable cards in tricks. Before diving into strategies and advanced tips, grasping the basic structure is essential. Here’s a quick rundown:

  • Cards and Ranking: Briscola is typically played with a 40-card Italian deck, broken down into suits. The cards rank from highest to lowest: Ace (worth 11 points), Three (10 points), King (4 points), Queen (3 points), Jack (2 points), and 7-2 (0 points).
  • Players: The game can be enjoyed by 2, 3, or 4 players, offering flexibility and variety in gameplay dynamics.
  • Objective: Accumulate the most points through winning tricks with high-value cards.

Setting Up Your Game

To kickstart a game of Briscola, follow these steps:

  1. Determine the dealer randomly for the first game. Deal three cards to each player in a counter-clockwise direction.
  2. Reveal the next card face-up; its suit becomes the Briscola or trump suit for that game.
  3. Place the remaining deck above the Briscola, covering half of it. This pile is drawn from throughout the game.

Mastering Game Play

With setup out of the way, dive into the heart of Briscola – the gameplay. Here is a basic overview:

  • Leading a Trick: Players take turns leading a single card. Subsequent players can either follow suit or play a card from another suit, including the Briscola suit.
  • Capturing Tricks: The highest card of the leading suit wins the trick unless a Briscola (trump) card is played. In that case, the highest trump card captures the trick.
  • Scoring Points: After all cards are played, count the points based on the captured cards. The player or team with the highest score wins.

Strategies and Tips

While Briscola involves an element of luck, strategic gameplay can greatly enhance your chances of victory. Here are some strategic tips to elevate your game:

  • Memorize Cards: Keeping track of high-value and trump cards played can give you a significant advantage.
  • Play Wisely: Decide when to deploy your Briscola cards judiciously, especially in team play, where you can strategize with a partner.
  • Observe Opponents: Paying attention to your opponents’ moves and potential strategies can influence your decisions and trick-taking efforts.


Mastering Briscola not only offers endless hours of entertainment but also a glimpse into Italian culture and traditions. Whether you’re playing with friends at home or rediscovering your family roots, Briscola provides a captivating blend of strategy, skill, and fun. So, shuffle the deck, gather your companions, and prepare to immerse yourself in the timeless joy of this beloved Italian card game. Buona fortuna!

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